When You Can Evict a Tenant in Ontario

It’s something that no landlord wants to do, but occasionally it is necessary to evict a tenant.

Evictions are governed under the Ontario Residential Tenancies Act. The Landlord and Tenant Board has put together a summary document entitled How a Landlord Can End a Tenancy which is a simple explainer for situations in which you can evict a tenant, and how each must be dealt with under the Act.

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What Landlords Need to Know About the Ontario Landlord and Tenant Board


It’s a fact of being a landlord in Ontario – at some point in your life, no matter how careful you are about screening tenants and collecting payments, you will likely end up having to deal with the Landlord & Tenant Board (LTB). The tenant may change the locks, not pay rent, or perform some other action that needs to be arbitrated by the Landlord and Tenant Board. Here are some tips for navigating an LTB matter.

The Landlord and Tenant Board is responsible for arbitrating disputes related to the Ontario Residential Tenancies Act, and it is an Ontario government agency.

  1. Determine if your case is eligible for the LTB

In order to qualify for arbitration by the Landlord & Tenant Board, you need to be sure that you have properly established a relationship as a residential landlord and tenant. For example, if you are getting a divorce and you are trying to kick your spouse out of an apartment you are both renting, that would not be an LTB dispute, but it would be a matter for family law court. A rental contract is usually needed to prove a landlord and tenant relationship.


If you are unsure, you can apply to see if your matter falls under the Residential Tenancies Act for a $50 fee.


  1. Filing a matter with the Landlord and Tenant Board


You will either have to respond to a complaint a tenant has filed against you with the Landlord and Tenant Board, or file one yourself. In either case, you may not require a lawyer if the matter is straightforward, such as the tenant not paying rent. However, it is worth noting that the current wording of the Residential Tenancies Act and the appeals process at the LTB is currently unfairly weighted towards tenants, so it is worth consulting a lawyer to see if the cost of representation is worth what you would recover if the LTB rules in your favour, particularly if rent in arrears or damages have already run into thousands of dollars and could potentially run up even higher during the lengthy LTB process.


The four most commonly used forms can be e-filed, and you will receive a small discount on the filing fees if you e-file. If your form isn’t on that list, you will have to download it and pay the full fee to file it by mail or in person. It is common to ask for filing fees to be paid if you are filing for non-payment of rent; if nothing else, this can be used as a negotiation tool during your hearing or mediation. When filling out the application, it is important to keep it fact-based and not to embellish with any personal attacks unless they have specific relevance in the case.


There will usually be an offer to settle the matter through mediation. If it can’t be settled through the mediation process, the Board will schedule an adjudication hearing. Both are usually scheduled within 25 days of a landlord filing the application.


  1. Treat the Landlord and Tenant Board like a courtroom


When you appear at the adjudication hearing, the experience is very similar to Small Claims Court. Your case will appear on a docket for the day, and you will be given instructions as to what time to appear. You will be in the same room as other people who are also going before the tribunal with their cases on that day. If your hearing is scheduled towards the end of the day, there is a chance that it could be pushed off to the following day, so make sure you build that possibility into your schedule.


Treat the tribunal adjudicator with the same respect that you would treat a judge in another court. Do not speak directly with the opposing party unless so directed by the adjudicator, answer the adjudicator’s questions directly and don’t offer any emotional pleas. Answer all questions with facts about the case only, and don’t embellish.


Once the adjudicator has heard both parties, they will make a decision. If they don’t make it on the spot, they will usually come to a decision within five days. If they require additional documentation or other items, they will ask for them to be submitted before making their decision. This is why it is important to include all relevant documents, including rental contracts, a record of payments made and not made, and so on in your initial filing. The decision the adjudicator comes to is referred to as an Order.


  1. After the Order is Issued


When the Order is issued, both you and your tenants have a right to either have the LTB review or appeal the Order. A non-paying tenant is likely to use the appeals and review process to buy more time. You both have 30 days to either appeal or order a review. At this point, it is advisable to bring in a lawyer if you aren’t already using one to ensure that the process doesn’t drag on longer than it should and that you are adequately represented. You can apply to the Landlord and Tenant Board at no charge if the tenant fails to meet conditions of an Order for further rulings to  


Dealing with the Landlord and Tenant Board is actually a fairly simple process – file your application, show up for mediation or the hearing, and either have the situation resolved or it goes to appeal. However, it can be stressful for busy landlords who don’t have much time to take out of their work week. Hiring a lawyer can help you alleviate this stress, and is often worth the money.


If you want to screen for tenants in the future who are less likely to land you in front of the LTB, consider hiring a Toronto property management company like Highgate. We know what to look for and can also help you ensure that your property and terms are in compliance with the Residential Tenancies Act, reducing the possibility of tenant complaints. Give us a call today to find out more.

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Outfitting Your Toronto Rental Property for Disability Accessibility

Outfitting Your Rental Property for Disability Accessibility

Ensuring that your property is accessible for the disabled adds an extra layer of appeal for marketing. An accessible apartment isn’t only attractive for those with a disability that prevents mobility, but for a growing population of seniors in Toronto as well. In addition, under the law, you must provide accessible housing to tenants who are disabled, except in the case where refitting the property would cause undue hardship. But there are costs associated with such a renovation.


Renting to people with disabilities – what your responsibilities are


Under the Code, it is against the law to refuse to rent to a tenant because of a visible or invisible disability. You also must have reasonable accommodation for their disabilities in the housing unit. However, in a practical application, this can pose some issues for you – a non-accessible apartment can cost thousands of dollars to remodel to make it accessible. If you are a small landlord with one or two properties, you can argue under the law that this will pose an undue hardship. The American Disability Association estimates that renovating a bathroom to make it fully accessible can cost up to $9,000. But you don’t have to go that far to make a property accessible.


Start with minor alterations to make it senior-friendly


Performing minor renovations with seniors in mind can start you down the path to having an accessible property. Installing handlebars beside the toilet and in the tub and fall-proofing your home with various measures, including securing carpet on stairs, are things that will count towards accessibility if you need to take further measures in the future. When it is complete, you will have an additional marketing feature for your property. Here is a list of things to do to ensure your property keeps tenants safe from falls. Most are inexpensive and won’t take much time.


If your property isn’t accessible now, renovate to accommodate


Realistically, if your property isn’t accessible now, it doesn’t make financial sense to remodel it in the event that you have a disabled tenant. The best way to handle it is if the situation arises, renovate the property to accommodate their specific needs. For example, you may not need to make it wheelchair-accessible, but you may have to ensure items in the bathroom such as handrails and showers are modified to meet an individual’s needs.


If you are thinking about renovating your property to make it senior-friendly and accessible for the disabled, Highgate has a full-scale renovation crew ready to do it. Contact us today to find out more.

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Is Toronto Real Estate Really in a Bubble?

An economist at BMO Capital Markets recently said that the real estate market in Toronto and surrounding areas is a bubble market. And while rising prices and dwindling supply have been a fact of life in the Toronto real estate market for the past couple of years, it has to be argued that we’re not in striking distance of where it is possible for the bubble to “pop”.


Definition of a housing bubble


A housing bubble is an increase in property prices which is driven by demand, usually due to limited supply. Once demand reaches a certain point, real estate speculators begin to enter the market, which can further drive up price. The bubble pops when demand decreases, either due to a new abundance of supply or other factors, such as a serious downward slope in the overall economy.


It walks like a duck, but doesn’t quite talk like one


It is true that prices and demand have risen significantly in Toronto and the GTA. Additionally, CMHC has put forward the theory that speculation is driving up the Toronto and GTA real estate markets. But a very important condition to the bubble bursting just doesn’t exist in the Toronto and GTA market – and that condition is decreased demand.


One of the only things that could decrease demand significantly is an increase in inventory, which isn’t likely to happen any time soon within the 416 area code. The boom in the GTA is a direct result of rising prices in Toronto pushing buyers into a cheaper location – many of these buyers would prefer to live in Toronto to avoid long commutes to work. The only place we can really see expanded inventory is in surrounding GTA communities, as development in Toronto itself is limited by space. While demand may dwindle in the GTA once new builds happen in outlying communities over the next few years, that demand for a home close to work will always be there in Toronto itself. If anything, this will depress housing prices in the GTA slightly once new inventory is released onto the market.


Economy another potential external factor


If conditions continue with the status quo, the only other item which could affect the real estate market – and which would affect it no matter what the housing prices and demand were like – is a significant downward tick in the economy. The most recent outlook maintains that Canada’s economy is growing, with a slowdown in the real estate sector in Vancouver pumping the brakes a bit on growth. The elephant in the room is how many protectionist trade policies the U.S. is planning on putting in place in the next year with the renegotiation of NAFTA, although the current administration’s signals during Prime Minister Trudeau’s recent Washington visit pointed to Mexico, and not Canada, being the major target in NAFTA renegotiation.


So is the proclaimed “bubble market” really just regular growth in the Toronto and GTA real estate market? While the rise in housing prices and increased demand may make it look like a bubble market, the Toronto Real Estate Board (TREB) argues that the supply levels for real estate being at their lowest levels since 2000 is the critical factor in rising prices. It is predicting another year of double-digit growth in housing prices. So if it is a bubble, it’s going to keep on growing for at least another year.


The main concern of the Toronto Real Estate Board for the current market is how many buyers will get pushed out of the market with rising housing prices and new federal mortgage rules which put home ownership effectively out of reach for first-time buyers in expensive markets like Toronto – this is justifiable as these people may just move out of the area, instead of being future Toronto and GTA real estate homebuyers.


Those who can’t move will rent, making this market a hot one for those who have considered real estate investment in an income-producing property. Contact Highgate today if you want to find out how you can capitalize on these market conditions with a property management company and real estate broker built to serve current and future landlords.

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Toronto Real Estate Investing: Succeed by Breaking Out of the Wrong Mindsets

Real estate investment in Toronto is actually much simpler than people think, but you have to have the right mindset to do it. That mindset is somewhere in the middle between being too scared to jump into it before investigating every small detail and being overconfident and uninformed. As with everything in life, moderation between the two extremes is where you want to be in order to be successful with real estate.

The most successful investors we meet are confident, make decisions and don’t look back. They are not looking for a silver bullet to make easy money. But they are patient and willing to look down the road long-term. They believe in themselves and they believe in the real estate market.


Stop being scared of the “what-ifs” of property investment


You may have a dream of investing in an income property. But somehow, you always manage to talk yourself out of it. Prices are too high, the market isn’t right, you don’t have enough time – there’s always an excuse.


If anyone actually knew how the real estate market would perform, they would be the richest people in the world. There is one fact that every statistic backs up – real estate always appreciates in value in the long term. The hardest thing is to purchase that initial property and it’s like quitting smoking – the sooner you do it, the more results you’ll see over time. You have to hold your nose and take that initial risk, but you shouldn’t do it flying blind either. A Toronto property investment firm like Highgate can walk you through the entire process, from making the initial purchase to managing the property for you.


For the overconfident: Real estate investment is not a way to get rich quick


There are a few types of people who fit into the “overconfident” category of real estate investor. Either they’ve been to a few real estate investment “seminars” where they’ve been asked to fork over thousands of dollars to learn something a Realtor could tell you for free, or they’ve been watching reality TV shows where houses are flipped and fortunes are made. Either way, the overconfident real estate investor comes in with guns blazing and a little bit of uncontextualized knowledge.


The #1 thing that you should learn about real estate before you purchase an investment property is that there is no “Get Rich Quick” scheme that can possibly involve real estate. Even if you purchased a dirt cheap foreclosed property in the US after the American mortgage crisis of 2008, you would have still had to hold on to that property for a number of years to make good money on it – and that’s an extreme example that hopefully, for the economy’s sake, won’t happen again. Real estate investment is exactly that – an investment. It’s an investment of money and time. It does pay off – but only over the long term, and only if you manage your cash flow properly and make prudent initial buying decisions.


For the house-flipping bunch, the thing you don’t usually see on those shows are the hidden costs that crop up after the sale and the renovations start. There may be structural issues that were missed on the home inspection, requirements to bring the property up to code, and more – all of which can quickly nuke any profits that could have been made on the sale. Due to this and many other factors, house flipping is also not a “Get Rich Quick” scheme, unless you make prudent purchase decisions and budget properly.


Real estate investing done right for everyone


If you want to do real estate investment right, just follow these three simple steps.


Step 1 – Contact a real estate broker

Find a real estate broker you can trust – preferably one like Highgate which also does property management. Firms like this will know the rental market and the real estate market, and can educate you on both.


Step 2 – Get in touch with the market

You can read all of the books and real estate magazines that you want – the only way to really get to know properties is to go see properties with an experienced broker, even if you aren’t planning on buying one yet. Pick an area that you and your broker like, then go see about ten properties in that area. Find out what each property sells for. This will tell you how much you need to budget for, give you an idea of fair market value for the area, and start your real estate education. Don’t be worried about being viewed as a tire kicker, you will likely be buying a property with that broker one day and a good one won’t mind showing you the ropes. Repeat the process every couple of months until you have a good sense of what properties sell for, what potential issues are, and so on.


Step 3 – Purchase your investment property

If you’re already working with an experienced broker, they’ll have helped you work out what your budget should be for your investment property. Most importantly, don’t over leverage yourself in order to purchase an income property – even the best-laid plans come with unforeseen costs that you should be prepared for.


Now that you have a sense of the market, you can apply that knowledge and put in offers that are likely to be accepted on properties where you see the most potential growth, the best rental possibilities, and so on.


Step 4 – Properly manage your investment property

If your intention is to rent your property out, you’ll get the most return on investment with a property management company – especially if you are not an experienced landlord. They will help you avoid potential pitfalls like non-paying renters and more. A firm like Highgate can also help you out if you are interested in house flipping – we know the duds and the stars, and have contractors on hand who are affordable and efficient. We’ll also make sure you aren’t overleveraging yourself financially and have enough funds to do it right.


If you are interested in real estate investment, contact Highgate today. We don’t speak at fancy seminars, but you can get our advice for free – and our family has been in the real estate and property management business for decades.



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Attracting Toronto Renters With Social Media


Finding renters in Toronto is not hard with skyrocketing real estate prices and recent measures which make it harder for first-time homebuyers to enter the real estate market. Where it gets competitive is finding good tenants with great credit scores. The latest Pew Research Center data on social media demographics show Facebook is the breakout winner both for audience size and percentage of affluent people using the channel. Instagram, however, is worth keeping in mind if any of your properties appeal to millennials.


It’s all about Facebook advertising


When it comes to local marketing and reaching out to potential renters, the channel you should spend most of your energy on is Facebook. To get the most out of Facebook, you have to spend money on it. The simple act of “boosting” any new property listings on Facebook for a small budget to a local audience will attract renters, and it’s easy to do. Go to business.facebook.com to sign up for Business Manager, link your account to your company page, and you are ready to advertise.


Facebook is the best choice for local marketing because it allows you to advertise locally to a large, mostly captive audience. While ads on Google allow the same granular targeting by demographic and geography, they tend to be more expensive and you’ll be competing with large local property management companies with budgets that dwarf yours and push your listing down in the search engine results. Facebook levels the playing field somewhat, and while those large companies may get more play in their chosen demographic’s feed, you’re at least still on the field.


Start with a budget of about $10 per post, and ramp it up if you aren’t getting enough hits. Make sure you’re selecting the right demographics for your listing, and change your ad for the same listing with each demographic (in marketing, this is called segmentation). For example, if you are listing an apartment for students, you’ll want to write two posts for two age groups – one for the students, one for the parents. You would create the post just as you usually would for your company page, and then hit “Boost This Post” once it is posted. Then, select your demographic information and your dollar amount. Choose your most attractive property photo for your ad; posts with photos have much more significant engagement across all platforms than posts without graphics.


Tracking your Facebook ads successfully


Next, you’ll want to be able to differentiate who is hitting your site from which Facebook ad, which will give you the information as to what is working and what isn’t. While Facebook’s Business Manager offers helpful analytics, you should also follow Facebook’s instructions to place a “conversion pixel” on your website to allow for more granular tracking in Google Analytics. Side note – if you don’t have Google Analytics enabled on your site, do it now. It will not only tell you how your Facebook ads are performing, but how everything on your site is performing. It also allows for tracking of other social networks under the “Referrals” tab.


Cross-post on other social media networks


Don’t give up on other networks entirely – you can cross-post your carefully crafted Facebook posts to any other social media network with tools like Hootsuite. Twitter now lets you post photos without any penalty to your 140 character count, so your posts may need some shortening for Twitter but not much. If you’re putting in the effort for Facebook, you may as well squeeze some extra juice out of other social networks. Google+ helps to drive up your search engine optimization, so don’t leave it off the list. Ideally, you should be using Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and Instagram for the most social media coverage.


To hashtag or not to hashtag?


This depends on the network you are using. A November 2016 study found that Facebook users don’t care much for hashtags, and if you are going to use them you should stick to one. You can get a little looser with hashtag use on Twitter, which makes sense since Twitter profiles are (for the most part) public and they are used more for content discovery than they are on Facebook. Still, two appears to be the current upper limit for hashtags before user engagement starts to drop off on Twitter. Since the best strategy for a time-pressed landlord is to focus on Facebook, pick one hashtag that best represents your post, and cross-post that update to all channels. Ritetag is a free tool that helps you find the best hashtags instantly with very little research, and it integrates with most social media management tools. Use of hashtags on Instagram, however, is very necessary and a completely different ballgame.


Instagram – a hit with millennials, a pain to use for marketers


Instagram actually pulled ahead of Twitter in terms of percentage of the American population using the channel in 2016. And it’s not a small gap – 32% of online adults use Instagram, where only 24% now use Twitter. 59% of those adults are 18-29, with a fairly even spread between income levels.


That’s exciting, right? Not so fast. Instagram will take more time for you to use, but the effort is obviously worth it if any of your properties have millennial appeal and are lagging in interest with more traditional and Facebook marketing. Unlike any other social network, you must post to Instagram with a mobile device such as an iPad or smartphone, and you can’t use a tool like Hootsuite to post directly to Instagram. The easiest way to do it is to compose your Instagram update in a tool like Hootsuite, then cut and paste the post on your mobile device and post to your Instagram app. Instagram is almost entirely visually oriented, so attractive property pictures are an absolute must. You should also use a tool like Canva to include your logo and website on the image for branding purposes.


You also use RiteTag and Instagram itself to research a set of 10-20 hashtags, some of which should be local, to use with each post. This is because hashtags are the only way to find content on Instagram, unlike any other social media channel. This is why it’s easier to compose your update in a tool like Hootsuite, because you can cut and paste your hashtag set. You should also add a couple of individual hashtags that are relevant for specific listings to each post. If, for example, you have a property in the Annex, you would include #Annex on your post.


So why all this effort for social media? More people use social media than any combined numbers for local, more traditional advertising methods. As we’ve seen in the study, people with higher incomes use social media. And most importantly to cash-strapped landlords, it’s far cheaper than pay-per-click advertising with Google and other traditional methods of advertising; you just have to be willing to put in the time.


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Meet the Highgate Team: Justin Maloney

Justin Maloney, our office manager, is the next member of our team we’d like to introduce you to. Justin is one of three Maloneys working with Highgate, which is very much a family-run business. His father Brian and brother, Jonathan, have key roles in the business.


From academic to cornerstone of family business


Justin has been working at Highgate for just over four years, managing accounts payable and client communications. He’s even had a hand in some of our marketing efforts, such as writing copy for the website and other content creation. Since Justin is nearly always in the office, he usually deals with our clients who call in with questions.


Justin was originally on an academic career path, with eight years of postsecondary school. He spent four years in a general college program with a specialisation in science, and four years at University with an undergraduate degree in psychology. He has also taken a paramedics course. When he was trying to decide between a professional degree to become a doctor or a lawyer, his father and brother talked him into helping to run the family business instead.


“If I became a lawyer or a doctor, my expenses would have been very high and my revenues would have ended the day I stopped working. This way, I get to contribute to the family business, and have a part in that legacy. I’m building my future with my family.”


Working with Highgate is rewarding to Justin


Justin enjoys all of the daily challenges that come with the job, and loves that he’s working with family. He’s seen the business grow significantly since he started four years ago. Project implementation and getting things off the ground is one of the more rewarding parts of the job, as is getting to know the clients Highgate deals with on a daily basis.


Justin is all about self-improvement, and sees his career as another tool to help him on this continual journey. “This job helps me to grow as a person, teaches me what I am capable of, and refines my skills on a daily basis.”

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Free Repairs & Management Fees for Toronto/GTA Home Buyers, Sellers and Landlords


We’re rolling out the red carpet for new clients at Highgate Property Investments this month with promotions for home buyers, sellers and landlords seeking property management services. While we can go on about how great we are in our marketing, the only way to really sell our services is to show you what we can do for your bottom line. (more…)

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HighGate Property Investments Inc: Your Source for Professional GTA Real Estate Services